Thursday, 25 Jul 2024

A Deep Dive into the Musculoskeletal Profile of Elite Female Soccer Players

Image: Elite Female Soccer Player

Soccer is a physically demanding sport that requires athletes to possess various attributes to excel on the field. One crucial aspect of a player’s performance is their musculoskeletal profile, which includes factors such as range of motion, flexibility, strength, and functional alignment. In this article, we will explore a study conducted on elite female soccer players, providing valuable insights into their musculoskeletal characteristics.

Methods: Evaluating the Elite Female Soccer Players

The study involved a group of elite female soccer athletes from one Women’s United Soccer Association team. The players underwent a comprehensive preseason physical evaluation that assessed their lower-extremity passive range of motion (PROM), flexibility, hip abductor strength, dynamic functional alignment, and core control. The purpose of this evaluation was to gather valuable data about the players’ musculoskeletal abilities.

Image: Soccer Player Measuring Range of Motion

The researchers obtained informed consent from the athletes who were drafted or recruited to try out for the team. A total of 26 athletes, aged between 21 to 32 years, participated in the study. These players had an average of 18 years of experience playing soccer.

Key Findings: Measuring Musculoskeletal Characteristics

Passive Range of Motion (PROM)

To assess PROM, the researchers utilized a standard goniometer to measure specific joint motions. The measurements ensured that the flexibility data accurately reflected muscle length rather than limitations in joint range of motion. Knee flexion PROM was measured, along with hip internal and external rotations. Skilled physical therapists facilitated the measurements, resulting in reliable and accurate data.

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Flexibility plays a vital role in soccer performance, and the study measured the flexibility of various muscle groups. The hamstrings, hip flexors, quadriceps, and gastrocnemius were evaluated using a standard goniometer. The measurements provided valuable insights into the length and elasticity of the structures crossing the joints. Specific tests, such as the Thomas test and straight leg raise, were employed to measure the lengths of hip flexors and hamstrings, respectively.

Image: Soccer Player Measuring Flexibility

Hip Abductor Strength

Hip abductor strength is crucial for stability and proper movement during soccer activities. Researchers utilized the Nicholas Manual Muscle Tester© to assess the strength of the players’ hip abductors. The test involved positioning the lower extremity in abduction and slight extension to isolate the gluteus medius muscle. The measurements allowed for a comprehensive understanding of the athletes’ hip abductor strength.

Core Control

Core control refers to the ability of the lower abdominal muscles to stabilize the spine during lower extremity movements. The study evaluated core control using a Pressure Biofeedback Stabilizer© placed under the spine. The athletes were instructed to contract their abdominal muscles while maintaining a flat back and avoiding distention of the abdomen. Various levels of movement difficulty were assessed to determine the athletes’ core control abilities.

Dynamic Functional Alignment

Dynamic functional alignment refers to the alignment and control of the hip, knee, and ankle joints during dynamic movements. The study observed the subjects performing single-leg squats, forward step downs, and landings from a platform. The researchers assessed deviations from neutral positions in the frontal, sagittal, and transverse planes. They also evaluated the quality of movement during these tasks.

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Results and Analysis

The musculoskeletal profile of elite female soccer players revealed interesting findings. It provided valuable insights into their range of motion, flexibility, strength, and dynamic functional alignment. By comparing the values of dominant and nondominant legs, the researchers gained a comprehensive understanding of the players’ musculoskeletal abilities.

Image: Soccer Player Demonstrating Dynamic Functional Alignment

The detailed results of the study can be found on the Pesstatsdatabase website, offering extensive information for those interested in the musculoskeletal characteristics of elite female soccer players.


Q: How many athletes participated in the study?

A: A total of 26 elite female soccer players participated in the study.

Q: What was the age range of the participants?

A: The athletes’ ages ranged from 21 to 32 years, with a mean age of 25.

Q: Were both dominant and nondominant legs evaluated?

A: Yes, the study compared the musculoskeletal characteristics of both the dominant and nondominant legs of the participants.

Q: What methods were used to measure flexibility?

A: Flexibility was measured using a standard goniometer, and specific tests were employed for different muscle groups.

Q: How was core control assessed?

A: Core control was evaluated using a Pressure Biofeedback Stabilizer©.


Understanding the musculoskeletal profile of elite female soccer players is crucial for optimizing their performance and minimizing the risk of injuries. The study discussed in this article provided valuable insights into the range of motion, flexibility, strength, and dynamic functional alignment of these athletes. By employing rigorous evaluation methods, researchers gained a comprehensive understanding of the factors that contribute to their success on the field.

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Image: Elite Female Soccer Player Celebrating